To gain further insights on the various  discussions and initiatives  responding to an emerging green economy and the opportunities and challenges it poses to workers and communities in Toronto, see resources listed below:


livegreenCity of Toronto (2009). The power to live green: Toronto’s Sustainable Energy Strategy.

This report outlines City of Toronto’s current and proposed green energy infrastructure strategy, adopted by Toronto City Council on November 30, 2009. A review of existing energy infrastructure and security supply finds Toronto has an aging electricity infrastructure requiring significant maintenance and upgrading. The current approach to managing energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions is proven to waste rather than conserve energy and city funds. Recommendations for change emphasize commitments to creating green jobs. This includes more collaborative work with other government stakeholders to foster innovations and investment in community energy planning and community power projects which benefit local businesses, residents and communities.


Kesik, T. (2010). Tower Renewtower renewalal Workforce Challenges & Opportunities: Final Report. City of Toronto: Social Development. 

The report highlights local green workforce opportunities and challenges emerging from the City of Toronto’s, Tower Renewal Initiative. Tower renewal projects provide workforce opportunities for citizens living in high-rise building in Toronto’s priority neighborhoods. Some tower renewal work opportunities often require specific skilled trades which require special training and education. This prevents residents and communities in priority neighborhoods from capitalizing on opportunities and also delays progress on Tower renewal initiatives which can strengthen Toronto’s local economy.



Saneinejad 2011_solar photovoltaic industry torontoSaneinejad, S. (2011).  Workforce Challenges and Opportunities in the Solar Photovoltaic Industry in Toronto. City of Toronto: Economic Development & Culture and Toronto Environment Office.

This report evaluates the economic development of local green workforce and business opportunities from solar photovoltaic (PV) panel installations in City of Toronto facilities. This assessment uncovers there are approx. 100,000 local solar PV workforce opportunities emerging in 53 City of Toronto facilities with approx. 50% in system installation, 33% in manufacturing and 15% in operation and maintenance. This will create demands for mainly in engineering, skilled technicians and project managers, followed by factory, field, sales and marketing related occupations. Currently, the City does not have available supply of qualified and experienced installation technicians, project managers and engineers in the solar industry. The report suggest need for provincial or national certificate programs in solar installation to guarantee Toronto’s workforce has required skills to pave pathways into emerging solar PV work opportunities



Ontario_FIT_2year reportOntario (2012). Ontario’s Feed-in Tariff Program:Two Year Review Report.Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Energy. 

This report outlines six strategic areas of recommendations that emerged Ontario Ministry of Energy’s review of the Feed-In Tariff (FIT) program in consultation with Ontarians.  Proposed recommendations include continued commitment to clean energy; need to streamline processes in clean energy procurement and create jobs; encourage greater community and aboriginal participation through investment in local community energy projects; improve municipal engagement in the Renewable Energy approval (REA) process; reduce FIT prices to reflect current costs in clean energy industry; and expand Ontario’s clean energy economy through investment in smart grid technologies.


Ontario_achieving balance energy plan_2013Ontario (2013). Achieving Balance: Ontario’s Long-Term Energy Plan. Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Energy.

This report outlines Ontario’s Long-Term Energy Plan, 2013. This plan is framed as “pragmatic approach” which aims to maintain a balance of cost-effective and reliable clean energy initiatives that engages community and focuses on conservation and energy demand management. Key clean energy initiatives impacting green economy in Toronto area include investments in electricity transmission planning and station upgrades in Leaside, Hearn, Manby, and Copeland with Toronto Hydro.





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