To gain further insights on the various  discussions and initiatives  responding to an emerging green economy and the opportunities and challenges it poses to workers and communities in Toronto, see resources listed below:


ontarios-road-map-prosperityEtcheverry, O’Malley & Taylor. (2009). Ontario’s Road Map to Prosperity: Developing Renewable Energy to its Full Potential. Toronto: Toronto and Region Conservation (TRCA) and  York University’s Faculty of Environmental Studies.

This report discusses multiple barriers preventing Ontario from deploying a sustainable and inclusive renewable energy strategy, which can establish a robust economic infrastructure premised on renewable energy, ensures citizens can actively in renewable energy development, and supports training and development of a skilled workforce required to maintain and support renewable energy system. The report concludes with a series of recommendations that require concerted and collaborative action and innovation by government, private sector, educational institutions, local organizations, and individuals.


greenskillsnetwork_emerging green jobs in canadaGreen Skills Network (2012). Emerging Green Jobs in Canada: Insights for Employment Counsellors into the Changing Labour Market and its Potential for Entry-level Employment.Toronto: First Work. 

This report highlights how the Canadian labour market is transforming in an emerging green economy with new employment opportunities in renewable energy and energy conservation concentrated at an entry level. This report can assist employment counsellors, job developers, and job seekers in gaining a better understanding of the opportunities, challenges and core competencies needed to pave employment pathways in ‘green’ related industries.


greeneconat communityscaleJackson & Victor (2013). Green Economy at Community Scale. Toronto: Metcalf Foundation. 

This report examines the current ‘green’ economy discourses which are framed as a potential solution to various challenges at a local level concerning climate change, biodiversity loss, resource scarcity, and financial instability.  Through analyzing the conceptual foundations of the green economy discourse, the authors assert more sustainable community-based economic activities focused on the provision of goods and services coupled with security in employment and stability in markets are key blueprints for ensuring a shared and lasting prosperity.


PrintMetrolinx (2008). Mobility Hubs in the GTHA.

This interactive mapping tool provides information on the local economy, workers, and communities in each ‘mobility hub’ across Ontario. ‘Mobility hubs’ are key intersections in the regional rapid transit network that provide commuters with access to the transportation system, support high-density development, and demonstrate excellence in customer service. The mobility hubs identified in this tool are extrapolated from an earlier report by Metrolinx, The Big Move: Transforming Transportation in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA).


Tides canadaTides Canada Foundation (2013). Toward a Clean Energy Accord: How and Why a Canadian Energy Strategy Can Accelerate the Nation’s Transition to a  Low-Carbon Economy.

In this report, Tides Canada advocates for a “collaborative, solutions-focused” approach from Canadian provincial leaders to develop a bold new energy strategy for Canada. Tides Canada asserts a national economic policy and programming framework should respond to new opportunities in low-carbon energy and contain a three-pronged vision for: energy security, jobs and prosperity, and environment protection/restoration in response to climate change. This framework was endorsed by more than 150  organizations representing the business, faith, labour, health, environment and indigenous interests of more than five million Canadians working in partnership with Tides Canada on A New Energy Vision for Canada.


tcbaToronto Community Benefits Network (2013).  On Track to Opportunities:  Objectives for an Eglinton – Scarborough Crosstown Line Community Benefits Agreement

In response to Eglinton-Scarborough Crosstown light rail projects proposed by Metrolinx, Toronto community benefits network (TCBN) in partnership with Infrastructure Ontario, the United Way, local labour organizations and labour education groups has formed working groups to ensure workers, their families and communities are not adversely affected.  The TCBN meets with local organizations to decide what kind of community benefits should be used to evaluate consortiums that bid on the projects and has produced a legally binding agreement, The Eglinton-Scarborough Crosstown Community Benefits Agreement (ESCCBA) between Metrolinx and the Toronto Community Benefits Network (TCBN). The ESCCBA is a shared commitment by both parties to build and complete public infrastructure projects through an effective, efficient, transparent, fair and inclusive process that supports good jobs and prevailing industry standards.



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